Wheelchair Analysis and essay

WheelchairAnalysis and Summary

WheelchairAnalysis and Summary

Wheelchairis an assistive device that is used by clients with mobilitychallenges. This paper will focus on the analysis of three types ofwheelchairs, different components of a wheelchair.

Table1: Types of wheel chair and their features

Type of wheelchair


Lightweight wheelchair

  • 8&quot/24&quot PU wheels.

  • Drum brake

  • Pre-assembled anti-tipper and crutch holder

  • Height-adjustable side panel

  • Height-adjustable push handles

  • Standard seat cushion

Bariatric wheelchair

  • Elevating leg rest

  • Standard anti-tippers

  • detachable armrests with side panels

  • Folding chrome plated steel frame

  • 180 degree reclining range

Tilt wheelchair

  • Height Adjustable Armrest

  • High Strength Aircraft Grade Aluminum

  • Tension Strap Adjustable Seat &amp Backrest

  • Folding / Ultra Compact

  • Patented “V” Shape Seating (anti-thrust, slippage)

Table2: Different types of components

Wheelchair component



Remove (check)

Replace (check)

Lateral supports

Prevent sideways movement


Lap tray

Placing items, such as books and food


Neck ring

Provide anterior-trunk support


H Strap

To support user’s calves


Seat belt

To secure the user from harmful movements



Help the user achieve the most desired position



Help user seat in a given position by holding the legs firm.


Lumbar roll

Provide an appropriate setting posture


  1. Conditions a client might need to use a wheelchair

Amputation:Involves the removal of one limb, which limits the ability of theclient to move independently.

Severearthritis: Involve inflammation and pain in the joints, which limitthe client’s ability to move without the help of a wheelchair.

Cerebralpalsy: Brain damage reduces muscle coordination, which limit theability of the client to walk independently.

Fibromyalgia:Muscular rheumatism and tenderness in the localized regions limit thecapacity of the client to walk without a wheelchair.

MuscularDystrophy: Hereditary condition caused by progressive muscle wasting.Limb muscles become too weak to help the client walk without awheelchair.

  1. The advantages and disadvantages of the following wheelchairs:

  1. Manual versus electric

Manualwheelchairs are cost effective and do not require charging. However,users of manual wheelchairs use a lot of energy to ride themselves orrequire a helper at all times in case their limbs are not strongenough. An electric wheelchair is more convenient and easy tooperate. However, an electric wheelchair is more expensive and canonly be used in areas with electricity supply (Cure CMD, 2016).

  1. Manual reclining versus power reclining

Amanual reclining wheelchair allows the user to reposition easily.However, the client may require the help of another person to achievethe desired position. With a power reclining wheelchair, the clientcan reposition without the help of another person. However, thewheelchair may not work in the absence of electricity supply.

  1. Folding versus rigid manual

Foldingchairs are more convenient and useful for clients who need to travelfrequently. However, the cost of maintenance is a higher(Apparelyzed, 2016). A rigid wheelchair has a higher level ofperformance than a folding one. However, it is not convenient fortraveling users.

  1. Lightweight versus standard weight wheelchair

Lightweight wheelchairs are easier to propel. However, the wheelchair doesnot have good padding (Oracta, 2016). A standard weight wheelchair,on the other hand, is quite inexpensive and sturdy. However, it isdifficult to maneuver compared to the light weight.

  1. Safety issues that should be conveyed to client regarding the use of a wheelchair

Theclient should be informed about the need to take the wheelchair forregular servicing, lock it before getting in, lift footplates beforegetting out or in, and avoid putting heavy loads on the wheelchair.

  1. Advantages and disadvantages of renting versus purchasing a wheelchair

Buyinggives the clients the right of ownership, which protects them fromthe risk of an increase in price at a later date. However, theseclients have to bear the cost of maintaining the wheelchair. A rentedwheelchair, on the other hand, reduces the burden of maintenance. Italso gives clients the opportunity to rent a wheelchair withdifferent specifications in case the current one is not appropriate.However, the client remains bound to the rules stipulated in theagreement.


Wheelchairsvary in terms of efficiency and components. The type of components inevery wheelchair depends on the specific health condition of a givenclient.


Apparelyzed(2016). Manual wheelchair guide. Apparelyzed.Retrieved June 3, 2016, fromhttp://www.apparelyzed.com/wheelchair/manual-wheelchairs.html

CureCMD (2016). Manual versus power wheelchair. CureCMD.Retrieved June 3, 2016, fromhttp://curecmd.org/cmd-care/equipment/manual-v-power-wheelchairs

Oracta(2016). Light weight wheelchair for travelling. Oracta.Retrieved June 3, 2016, fromhttp://www.orocta.org/mobility/lightweight-wheelchair-for-traveling.html