Organizational Behavior in the Workplace
MGT/312 Version 3
Universityof Phoenix Material
OrganizationalBehavior in the Workplace
Job Skills in the Workplace
Organizationalbehavior describes the logical study of human behavior, performance,as well as their attitudes within an organization. It can also beconsidered as the study and application of knowledge concerning howindividuals act within organizations. Organizational behavior is avery relevant field in the management since it covers many issuesthat managers face on a daily basis. The main aim of organizationalbehavior is to gain a greater understanding of those factors thatinfluence group and individual dynamics in an organizational settingsuch that, the organization to which the individual and group belong,becomes more effective and efficient (Judge&Robbins,2009). The main components of organizational behavior are people, themechanistic form of organization, structure, and organic form oforganization. These components are discussed below.
Peopleusually constitutes the internal social system of an organization.They comprise of individuals and groups, where groups can either bevast or meager. People are involved in the creation of organizations,and these organizations exist so as to attain the objectives of thepeople. It is people who constitute the human resources of anorganization (Judge&Robbins,2009).
MechanismForm of Organization
Thiscan be characterized by high degrees of formalization, complexity,and centralization. In some organizations, the mechanism operatessuch that the top hierarchy is involved in making central decisions.In other organizations, workers have limited discretion in attendingto their tasks, while procedures and rules are well-defined. In thiscase, complexity and formalization determine how employees behave.
Thisdescribes the relationships that individuals have in organizations.Individuals in an organization have different roles that they play,but there is a certain structural way that they become related so asto realize effective work (Judge&Robbins,2009).
OrganicForm of Organization
Inorganic organizations, employees tend to have generalization in theirorientation. A highly organic organization can be characterized bydecentralized decision-making that permits individuals to make theirown decisions.
Leadershipis connected to the organizational behavior since it is a skill thatis usually analyzed at the group level (Judge&Robbins,2009). Leadership can be determined by the type of personality of anindividual. A person with good leadership skills is usually efficientat the workplace. Team-building is also connected to organizationalbehavior since being a team player determines how individuals willwork in a group more efficiently and effectively (Judge&Robbins,2009). Decision-making is connected to organizational behavior sincea person who makes right decisions is likely to be more effective atworkplaces. Good communication skills help individuals to expressthemselves effectively while skills of building a good relationshipare very critical in forming working teams in an organization.
Communicationskills for instance, listening carefully and speaking clearly willimprove job performance. This helps in being mindful of howco-workers feel when one is passing a message. This will also lead toa better expression of oneself at the workplace (Judge&Robbins,2009). Being able to build a solid relationship with co-workers,partners or supervisors can improve performance in jobs since one canuse these positive relationships to air grievances. Skills of gooddecision-making are very important because the decisions that peoplemake have direct impacts on the results they yield at workplaces. Agood decision will likely yield good results. Leadership skills canimprove job performance since a worker with good leadership skillsdoes not have to be always pushed to work, but he/she is alsoinitiative. Team-building skills help people to work as a team, whichis critical to an organization’s productivity.
Organizationalbehavior can help me in having a greater understanding of the factorsthat influence decision-making and problem-solving processes. Havingunderstood these factors, I will be better positioned in making adecision and solving problems.
Unethicalbehavior like employee theft can lead to financial losses at theworkplace. Lies and cheating can risk lives of people especially inthe drugs industry. Bullying and harassment can lead to both healthand financial implications. Also, unethical behavior can havepersonal consequences such as getting fired, feeling guilty,high-stress levels, or even lead to court settlements (Griffinet al., 2004).
Griffin,R. W., O`Leary-Kelly, A., & Pritchard, R. D. (2004). TheDark Side of Organizational Behavior.Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.
Judge,T. A., & Robbins, S. P. (2009). OrganizationalBehavior.London: Pearson.