The political ideals were not taking to effect because of Hegemony, which is the domination of one state to another. Man was made to seek power and it comes with domination. In 404 BC, Lysander, commander of Sparta army, used the victory from Athens to build up an empire instead of ensuing peace. Spartan King, Agesilaos, impetuously conquered other states, defiling the law of common peace. This struggle with power led to the destruction of Sparta in their defeat in 371 BC. Philip and the Macedonian Ascendancy Philip II, king of the Macedonian empire, lead its kingdom to conquer many lands.
The Macedonian army then engaged with Greece, which was crippled with much conflict within their state. The Macedonian conquered Greece and it marked the end of the Classical era of Greece. Alexander’s Political and Cultural Legacy Alexander, the son of Philip II, inherited the Macedonian empire. He became one of the Greatest Conquerors of history. Alexander’s ambition was to own the land across Europe to East Asia. His was mentored by his teacher Aristotle. Some saw him as the Philosopher King, using wish decisions to capture the lands. Alexander used Greek influence to spread his power over the lands.
He used his reason to fight and maintain peace. It was called the Hellenistic civilization. In own of his adventure, he married a princess of an Asian country to own the land at a peaceful state. He vision that communication is very important in preserve his stature. Even though he was in Asia, he still had contact with Macedonia and Greece. Sadly he died at the age of 32 because of sickness but still his Hellenistic ideology lived on for the following rulers.
McKay, J. P. The Classical Period (500-338 BC) A History of Western Society (pp. 70-100): Urbana-Champaign.