The economic crisis that was hampering Rwanda was only a mild malady when compared to the concurrent tensions prevailing over the country. This was in the years 1990-1992. Finally conceding to the pleas of several Western European nations and the Organization of African Unity, Juvenal Habyarimana at last yielded to the proposal of a succession of caucuses with the representatives of the RPF in Arusha, Tanzania and these significant meetings were to determine the long-craved peace and the new government plan for Rwanda.
Among the plans were the outline of Habyarimana’s government and the absolute loss of power by the president as it will be granted only ceremonial powers, much to the chagrin of Habyarimana. Moreover, these caucuses proved to be futile because Habyarimana perceived that the Arusha accords were equivalent to a suicide note, for the Hutus were somewhat accustomed to being in power, and their leaders by no means could concede to the agreements. Meanwhile, the unease and anarchy in Burundi seemed perpetual.
This was due to the nationwide call to Hutus to exercise power and totally eradicate all Tutsis, who ruled the country via three decades of harsh dictatorship. The fire that fuels the hate Burundian Hutus have for the Tutsis was even more angered. Back in Rwanda, it even came to the extent that the FROEBU advocated the idea of a Hutu killing all Tutsis they could get their hands on, on virtually all innocent ones by way of spears, bolos, machetes and the most gruesome house-to-house raids.
In retaliation in Burundi, the predominantly Tutsi Burundian army slaughtered Hutus, thus forcing them to retreat to Rwanda. In the peak these human catastrophe and crises, Rwandan President Habyarimana was assassinated as the presidential plane was hit by missile from still-unknown individuals, 6th day of April, 1994.
Any sort of peace talk was to no use as violence and contempt between the Rwandan Hutus and Tutsis escalated by the minute and both warring tribes were content with only murder, as rape and physical torture became more and more rampant, not to mention the occurrence of infanticide as Hutus exerted almost every effort imaginable to displace and exterminate the Tutsis. The chaos in 1990-92 only added to the misery which marred the past and present of Rwanda and culminated in one of the most horrifying war crimes in history.
No amount of foreign financial help could bring back those innocent Tutsis and Hutus and those thousands whose families were displaced. And to add further agony, the relations between the Tutsis and the Hutus are still stagnant, with the Hutus exalting themselves as the chosen ones and still seeing the Tutsis contemptuously, for economic and social ideology still try to adhere to the notion that Hutus were the original inhabitants of the country, their being peasants they consider as the holy way of living and migration to the city was strictly forbidden.
And it may be concluded that the reason the country does not move forward socially (birth control and ideology) and economically (the cessation of tourism) is because of the aforementioned factors. The reason for the occurrence of the genocide was the hasty effort to oust all power held by the Tutsis whom the Hutus see as the cause of their destituteness and suffering, this was because of the hard-line approach o the extremists who were possessed by hate which turned to paranoia.
All of these were the fruits of brainwashing done by the Rwandan authorities; as a result, not only the Tutsis suffered but the entirety of the Rwandan population, including its head of state –and the poor country that they have been is still the poor country up until now, as no facet of its economy was deemed safe when the evils of war and ethnic cleansing came penetrating.
Furthermore, not only was Rwanda affected, but the states neighboring it, as well as the rest of the world who watched in horror as no step was able to be made to prematurely bring halt the monstrous atrocities precipitated by false ideologies.
Reference: Magnarella, Paul. The Hutu-Tutsi Conflict in Rwanda. 2007.