depression which arrested the development of urban progress and imposed new forms of organization in social life. “(1) The fox and the strength of a lion is what every politician has in common since the birth of civilization. This era of the Medicis (1400s) has been the excerpt from the historical books of time which explain and express why everything in the world shows a unity of Machaivellian issues and handling of thoughts.
“[But] concerning his subjects, when affairs outside are disturbed he has only to fear that they will conspire secretly, from which a prince can easily secure himself by avoiding being hated and despised, and by keeping the people satisfied with him”(2).
The fourteenth century was a century of a rise to a neck breaking downfall which lasted a century of the middle ages, especially literally, as the era was moving from strength to weakness politically: the continent and the country especially being as superficial as could be with a nation which only cared for beauty of living (believing in horoscopes and consulting them, which went against what they learned from going to church but met as in ‘ends meet by means justifying the ends’, which was the major work of the era’s birth : the prince by Machiavelli.
Italy has also been engaged in wars with the districts of the other cities in Italy and outside Italy (France and Spain) when they underwent through many little wars which separated the states from one another, even the court was at odds with itself and the ministers had a stronger power over rule than the ruling families, even under the powers of the strong Medici family which wanted the other families around and surrounding it to be in the state of the helpless to be able to get some more power mostly for the sake of the unity of Italy under the Medici.
The study of human behavior has reached a low and mean understanding of the psychologies of human nature under the effect of experiences related to the shallow life which have to do with the ideas that move in the circles of interests of the era, the cultures and the social life of the people have been adequately merging from the understanding of the theology of religion (as being a power that moves to gain whatever could be gained by cunningness, even under the effect of the religion on the people’s minds and thoughts) to the understanding of the need to separate the secular life from the religion (when enacting and acting) and to work under many of the thoughts which lead to the emancipation of the person under their own separate desire of whelming in the fields of the continent of Europe in the humanitarian issues under political, social and cultural values; there was a ruling class which only wanted to make sense of how to rule and a ruled class which only cared for its living means and how it lived, nonetheless whether under a strict or not strict rule, so long as religiously it is lead to believe that within the strength of the ruling family lies their salvation of the belief in a better life to lead thus the crusades; “From the middle of the century onward, this significant reduction in the number of laborers and professionals occasioned a severe collapse in the financial structure of the region. In fact, the state of general economic insecurity was accentuated by wars which added their destructive effects to those brought on by famine and plague.
The recession struck Italy just when the urban and mercantile civilization had reached its highest point of development and the merchants of the principal cities of the peninsula had acquired control of the most important international markets. “(3) The era was a disaster due to the fact that the birth of the Machiavellian only summarized the way the people thought from lowest to highest in the society. People all over Italy did nothing but live the same way that the third world countries of the present time live now, with the only fact of listening to music through MP3’s and having no industry but importing from abroad, there is no difference than what is see presently in the world of the Third World people. There wasn’t much social mobility, but really ambitious commoners could make their way in the world, and perhaps a fortune as well, by entering the service of a noble family.
Many commoners joined the clergy, another way of entering service. While this prevented them from marrying, an intelligent and hard working peasant could still make his mark as a cleric. And many did, in the process helping their non-clerical kinfolk get a boost up the social ladder. The universities and royal government were full of these folks. “The nobility liked the well educated clerics in positions of power, because these commoners were not likely to start a competing dynasty. The able commoner was beholden to his noble lord, and the arrangement was well liked by the aristocrats (4)”.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: (1) The Fourteenth Century Culture and Social Society