1.List and explain at least five characteristics of parents that yourtext identifies as being helpful in producing moral children
Theseare parents that prefer using reason as well as explaining adolescentconsequences of their actions as a discipline technique. They usedialogue and try understanding their children. In addition, theyinvolve them in guidance and counseling.
Suchparents encourage adolescents to become independent though with somerestrictions. These limitations are meant to control actions of theyouths so that they do not get to wrong behavior while exploitingtheir independence.
Theseparents castigate total control on children and they are exclusivelyrestrictive. They constantly monitor youth`s actions and theseadolescents end up being morally upright in fear of parents`reactions.
Theirchildren have lesser tendency of involving into risky behavior.
Theyprovide secure and autonomous attachment to adolescents’ henceencouraging moral development
2.What is meant by the term co-parenting and how it differs from moretraditional parenting?
Co-parentinginvolves two parents alternating in parenting as well as universallyparenting. Traditional parenting was entirely involving a motherwhose major role was bringing up children. In co-parenting, childrenenjoy the attention of both parents. However, in some cases, parentsmay neglect the role assuming their partner is parenting. In atraditional setup, children enjoyed the attention of mothers only. Inco-parenting, children develop their natural skills faster asresearch shows these skills are best steered by fathers. Thesechildren also engage lesser into risky behaviors as they have properattention from both parents. Adolescents from traditional parentageinvolve more into risky behaviors with some seeking attention fromtheir fathers. In co-parenting adolescents show a disparity inassociating with same-sex parents while in traditional parentingchildren have a chance of associating with mothers.
3.Describe some situations in which adolescents would be particularlyvulnerable to loneliness
Adolescentswith physical and mental impairment are most vulnerable toloneliness. They have low regard for themselves and have a lessercapacity of involving themselves into peers` social activities. Theyspend most times in isolation in fear of burdening others.Transitional life passage gives loneliness. Individuals that are newto an environment do not have friends and are not sure who to trust.They spend time looking for a friend with whom they have similargoals. It may take them time to find someone to spend leisure timewith. Teenagers with dismissing attachment from parents have lowself-esteem as well as self-efficacy. They tend to spend time aloneand suffer rejection from others. They have low attachment to peershence vulnerable to loneliness.
4.Describe how romantic relationships in sexual minority youth usuallydevelop
Youthswith initial secure attachment with parents develop stable romanticrelationships. It is viewed as an extension of the attachment that ayouth had and a romantic partner offers an emotional attachment thatway initially derived from parents. However, such youths do notentirely cut links from parents. Instead, they grow morepsychologically connected to their parents than before. On the otherhand, children with dismissive attachment with parents tend to getinto romantic relationships with partners with an expectation ofacquiring emotional attachment that they lacked from parents. Whenthey are lucky to get a proper attachment, their romanticrelationships stabilize and they may lose psychological attachmentwith parents. In other cases, such adults with initial insecureattachment may get unstable romantic relationships due to theirtendency to withdraw from partners.
5.Describe the link between dating and romantic relationships andadjustments in adolescence
Datingstarts at an early stage preferably at the onset of adolescencestage. Teenagers who are closely attached to same-sex partners end upgetting involved in intimacy. Also, those with disapproving parentstend to reject opposite-sex partners and prefer same sex partners.During dating, some encounter painful breakups. Such breakups maylead to future withdrawal from romantic relationships out of fear ofexperiencing such pain. They invest their emotional feelingssparingly hence keep their personal distance to avoid disappointment.Teenagers with girlfriends and boyfriends are reported to spend a lotof time thinking about romantic relationships. Such relationships maybe actualized at adulthood and may withstand a test of time. 10thgraders who get involved in the romantic relationship have higherchances of social acceptance as well as substance abuse.