Based on a World Bank study below, there have been long –term labor contracts but were declining because of poverty incidence. The report below wa made in 1997. There is no evidence if there is an improvement of these in the last few years. But the point is there were long term contracts. Both secondary and micro-study evidence indicate among the landless varied significantly between those that over time there has been a “casualization” of the rural labor force (a growth in the size of the daily-wage agricultural wage income, and those which were labor force).
This is probably a consequence of the decline in traditional, artisanal occupations, and also the gradual decline of the prevalence of permanent, long-term labor contracts. Does this finding, combined non-agriculture) and those for whom salaries are the principal source of income, the incidence of poverty imply that rural poverty is rising? Not necessarily. Although casual wage labor is a last resort activity (and that for the latter is 16 percent (Table 1. 6).
In terms of their relative “contribution” to total poverty, salary the village income distribution, i. e. poor in relative poor in relative terms), agricultural wages have been rising over time. http://www-wds. worldbank. org/servlet/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/1997/06/01/000009265_3971113151130/Rendered/INDEX/multi_page. txt source: WORLD BANK COUNTRY STUDY India Achievements and Challenges in Reducing Poverty The World Bank Washington, D. C. Copyright G) 1997 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/THE WORLD BANK 1818 H Street, N. W. Washington, D. C. 20433, U. S. A. All rights reserved Manufactured in the United States of America
First printing July 1997 Answer on Question of what happened before 1946? The excerpt of my report say, “Significant on India’s history is February 26, 1946. This marked the day when white-collar workers took out a protest procession for the first time in Indian trade union history. These workers struck work in support of the Royal Indian Navy ratings’ rebellion that began on February 18. These white-collar precisionists were then members of the Commercial Employees’ Association, (CEA) the first clerical trade union in the country.
<www. hinduonnet. com/thehindu/mp/2002/02/25/stories/2002022500100300. htm> (Paraphrasing made)” Without of course sounding too perfect, I submit based on research made that events before 1946 are not significant for trade unionism in India. The significant about 1946 is the successful strike and the dismissal of workers and the subsequent reinstatement. The above report could imply that there could have been protest but must have been failures hence not reported in news.