SEXUALITY EXAM: QUESTION 1, 2 AND 5 4
SexualityExam: Question 1, 2 and 5
Essentialistapproach to sexuality holds that there are sexual attributes that arefixed for both the male and female gender, creating differences inthe two genders. However, the essentialism is limited as it does notexplain why some sexual practices are typical with men while othersare typical with women. On the other hand, constructivist approachillustrates that there is no inherent or fixed sexual attributes togender but they are learned. In his text, Martin explainsconstructivism by indicating the way science created gender basedromance that is stereotyped between men and women. The intersex andthe transgender people however challenge the idea that sexuality isfixed by living both attributes in the same life. For example, atransgender man may talk like a lady, but have sexual desires of awoman.
Sexualconstructionism is the view that sexual attributes of males andfemales are learned or constructed by the society. Sexual scripts arethe learned sexual attributes that people embrace based on beingeither males or females. Sexual scripts exemplify the idea of sexualconstructionism that emphasizes on learning as part of thecollaborative nature of males and females. The normative script forheterosexual courtship describes men as the boundary setters in asexual encounter, while the men as the gender that initiate thesexual practice. This is how men like Mystery in “the game” usethe script to look for and get women.
Thisspeech shows that the society has sexual norms that aredifferentiated in between the gender. Ryle and Meaney explains peoplehave different ways of seeking sexual pleasure, most of which I feelare differentiated along the genders. That is the basis through whichKimmel in the reading expresses the standards, the pros and cons andinsecurities of sexual culture for both men and women differently.However, male sexual practices in most cases reflect the male sexualnorms. As is because the masculine practices of sex form the basis inwhich men in the society perceive and interpret sexual meanings intheir sexual encounters. Similarly, female sexual practices andeducation reflects their sexual norms.
Theslut label creates double standards by establishing a way of viewthat leads to people perceiving women differently. The fact that menmay view some women as slut shows that there is some double standardapplied to determine whether women want sex or not. Kimmel explainsthat for women are viewed as slut if they have many men, while menare praised for having many women. The slut label disempowers womenby portraying them as the gender that loves sex and men. To protectthemselves from this perception, women use last-minute resistance andslut-defense as ways of proving that they are not of lose morals.
Themoral perspective of STDs is that the sexual diseases are a directresult of the immoral behavior of the victim. However, Nack explainsthat the situation as a result of the silence in the society and lackof education that creates power in our sexual lives. The perceptionof immoral behavior is because they are perceived to be acquired whenpeople do not observe abstinence as the preventive measure. Thepublic health perspective is however objective as it explains how sexeducation is important in the prevention of STDs and alleviating theimpact of the “immoral behavior” stereotype.
STDstigma relates to gender where women are more stigmatized than men asthey are considered to be more immoral than men. More worse is thatgay and transgender are highly stigmatized as their sexualorientation is mostly blamed for their STD situation. As a result ofthe stereotype, gay men who are HIV positive experience doublestigmatization as they are viewed to have abnormal sexualorientation, which has led them to sexual diseases. They areconsidered to be reckless, abnormal and immoral, which is stamped bytheir HIV status.