offer information on the way the various parties are handling thecampaigns. There are so many critics to the polls done than theactual election. The media defends itself by claiming that they areinforming the public. However, analysts look at it as a way ofshaping public opinion. By so doing, they are usually in one way oranother controlling democracy. Many opinion polls often question asample of citizens, about a thousand in number, on their preferredcandidate. (Courtney,2004)The survey is used to try and seek out the number of votes differentparties would garner if an election were to be held.
lead to tactical voting and most often result in unintended results.Tactical voting is the way in which people will at times vote so asto influence the intended outcome. A predicted result in a pollaffects voters to cast votes differently from a situation when thepoll had not been done in such a way that the final vote will bebased on inaccurate expectations. People can vote based on underdogand sympathy effect. By the end of the election, people will vote ina government they had not previously expected.
can also be highly manipulated since they are based on research. Thismeans that, the results can be faulty and give the wrong impressionof the survey (Courtney,2004).The misleading impression is brought about by asking more peopleinclined to a particular party hence the results will favor theparty.
Taxescan be grouped as proportional, regressive or progressive. Thedifference between the three has everything to do with the behaviorof the tax changes. In regressive tax, those who earn less pay morethan high earners. In proportional tax, the top earners are the oneswho pay more tax. However, in flat rate, everyone pays the sameamount of tax.
Thefairest method is the progressive process whereby people pay taxesthat corresponds to how they earn. (Ricardo,2001)In a progressive way, the low-income earners can save more since thetax demand is minimal. On the other hand, the high earners contributemore since they are more comfortable than the low earners.
Courtney,J. (2004). Elections.Vancouver: UBC Press.
Ricardo,D. (2001). Onthe principles of political economy and taxation.London: Electric Book Co.