PatientEducation on Stroke
PatientEducation on Stroke
Stroke,if left unattended, may cause death, permanent disability or constantdisruptions in relationships. If at first a patient experiencesstroke, they are highly likely to experience recurrent attacks thatmay be very risky (Lawrence et al., 2009). According to the resultsof research conducted by National Institute of Health in 2012, theextent of damage in first occurrences may be as severe as recurrentattacks. Systematic control of stroke especially in developedcountries has proved significant in reducing the impact of the strokeof patients.
Obesityand failure to observe a healthy diet account for the increase indyslipidemia and hypertension which raises the risk of stroke (Perry,2012). Women are more prone to obesity than men in Europe (Lawrenceet al., 2009). The use of tobacco is a second most influencing factorassociated with increased cases of stroke in both sexes and in bothold and young (Buttaro et al., 2013). Physical inactivity is also asignificant factor that accounts for increased cases of stroke.Physical exercise and keeping fit is extremely crucial in reducingthe chances of insulin resistance, high cholesterol levels,hypertension, and obesity (Perry, 2012).
Thesocial cognitive Theory explains people are highly likely toinfluence others in society in a dynamic process (Perry, 2013).Educational programs that involve patient and concerned families’participation have proved significant in helping to reduce the impactof stroke. These programs, experimented both in Europe and in Americahave consistently improved adherence to medication. However, Perryexplains, unsuccessful with lifestyle behaviors.
Interventionprograms should not only be administered in hospitals but all othereducation centers as well. Promoting health skills geared towardsreducing occurrence of stroke not only saves lives but saves thegovernment revenue in the long run.
Accordingto Perry, observing one’s diet, controlling their weight, avoidingalcohol, and tobacco use help to prevent stroke in society. Instead,people should adopt a culture of regular exercise and medicalcheck-ups.
Buttaro,T. M., Trybulski, J., Polgar Bailey, P., & Sandberg-Cook, J.(2013). Primarycare: A collaborative practice (4thed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.
Lawrence,M., Fraser, H., Woods, C., & McCall, J. (2011). Secondaryprevention of stroke and transient ischemic attack. NursingStandard, 26(9),41–46.Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
Lawrence,M., Kerr, S., Watson, H. E., Jackson, J., & Brownlee, M. G.(2009). A summary of the guidance relating to four lifestyle riskfactors for recurrent stroke. BritishJournal of Neuroscience Nursing, 5(10),471–476.Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
NationalInstitute of Health. (n.d.). Nationalinstitute of neurological disorders and stroke.Retrieved November 1, 2012,from http://www.ninds.nih.gov/index.htmDrugs.com. (n.d.).Retrieved November 28, 2012, from www.drugs.com
Perry,M. (2012). Stroke prevention. PracticeNurse, 42(8),14–18.Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.