Pathophysiological Discussion essay



Microcephalyentails a condition where the circumference of the head emerges to besmaller compared to normal (Boom, 2011). This condition has nowbecome more common compared to conditions such as autism. There aredifferent factors that may lead to a person developing thiscondition, including genetic abnormalities. In the case of the clientwho I am taking care of, it emerged that genetic factors were not acontributing factor the client suffered from the condition emanatingfrom craniosynostosis. In this scenario, the client suffered fromthe premature fusing of his joints amid the bony plates, whichdevelops the skull of an infant. This led to the client developingpoor brain in the skull. From the classification of the microcephalythrough etiology of the disease, the disease can be grouped in theclass of environmental etiology.

Emanatingfrom the poor brain development in the skull, the client had somecomplications. One of the complications was that the client haddevelopmental delays for instance, the client had complications inspeech as well as movement development. Another complication thatoriginated from the poor brain development was mental retardation.Also, the client had problems in coordination and balance.

Forthe prognosis, the head circumference was measured. From themeasurement of the head circumference, it emerged that the headcircumference was 2 Standard deviations below the mean, which is anindication that condition of the client was mild (Boom, 2011).

Inthe case of treatment of microcephaly, the best treatment that wasprescribed to the client was surgery this was because it wasdiscovered that the cause of the client’s condition wascraniosynostosis. This treatment is likely to bring complications tothe client since the surgery may affect the proper working of thebrain tissues.


Boom,A.J. (2011). Etiology and Evaluation of Microcephaly in Infants andChildren. Accessed on 9thJune 2016 from