Paradise Lost QUESTIONS essay

Paradise Lost


  1. What can we learn from Satan, Adam and Eve, the angels, and God about the way Milton viewed the human condition and 17th century British society?

  2. Analyze how your chosen text is both influenced by and influential to the cultural values of the time in which it was written. Also, analyze how the author uses literary conventions to address political, philosophical, and religious trends of the historical period.

John Milton grouped the actors inside of hisheroic sonnet “Paradise Lost” in two parties, one party below God(depicting moral), and second party below Satan (denoting sin andevil). Milton initially, exposed the audience to the Devil, the agentof wickedness, alongside his adherence of wicked and fallenarchangels that helped during his defiance to The Almighty (Milton,1981). Only afterwards did John Milton expose the booklover toomnipotent God, creator and leader of man. This preamble of the Devilfirst made the peruser to trust that sinful acts were moral, just asEve believed in Eden’s Garden after she got tempted by the Snake toconsume the fruit from that Tree that gave wisdom (Milton, 1981). Thelatter preface of God made the audiences shift their views towardevil, as God’s ways were presented onto them and such ways gotverified as the means to believe and feel. This duty of moral versussin continued all through the sonnet with Satan and his demotedcherubs’ interaction with The Almighty together with Jesus inParadise. In this paper, we will describe the lessons learned fromGod, angels, Adam and Eve, and Satan about how Milton regarded thecondition of man with the seventeenth century UK community. Second,we discuss the ways “Paradise Lost” is affected with and valuableto cultural principles of the period it got inscribed. Finally, wewill also break down how Milton employs literary principles to tendto religious, political, and philosophical, pattern of the past era

Lessons learned from Satan, Adam and Eve,the angels, and God about the way Milton viewed the human conditionand 17th century British society

The pre-Christian period inside of Europe prior to the 17thcentury got occupied with numerous differing ethnic religiousclasses. There wasn’t cohesive administration that Europe people asan entire submitted as well. The majority of pagan European nationwas politically solidified through the Empire of Rome. It didn’tmatter whatever one believed in provided that he/she paid honor ontothe government of Rome with its administrators. If one was obedienthe was in great stead. However, if one wasn’t, there was provisionmade in favor of punishment (Greenblatt, 2012).

In 1384 line, Beowulf informs Hrothgar “It is always better toavenge dear ones than to indulge in mourning” (Greenblatt, 2012).Other may say that such idea is in conflict with Christian mysticismthat claims if a person is hit in his face, “to turn the othercheek.” But, nobody will claim that when a loved one gets hurt,it’s common to protect them. This notion of defending a loved oneis indubitably Christian idea. There isn’t verse inside the Bible,which renounces it. When a person reads Revelation book, Jesusclarifies he will take vengeance for his disciples by demolishingSatan following his 2nd coming.

In Milton’s “ParadiseLost” book, a general depiction ofevil and sin was brought about by the major character amid the fightagainst the Lord, Satan. This name implies &quotGod’s enemy.&quotSatan was an ex- high archangel from Paradise called Lucifer,denoting, &quotLight holder.&quot Satan turned out to be envious inParadise of the Lord`s son (Jesus) and organized a group of cherubsto fight against the Almighty, which made the Lord to banish themfrom Paradise to Hell (Milton, 1981). This didn’t bother the Devilinitially, because he happened to be the principal inside of Hellinstead of a worker in Paradise. Satan trusted it will be &quotFinerto rule inside of Hell instead of in Paradise.&quot A great deal ofthe Devil’s dependence on having things achieved rooted from hiscapability to deceive and lie. He deceived to rebellious cherubsabout Jesus together with his &quotsub-regency” to make themsupport him rather than Jesus. He as well uncovered his actual-selfthrough acting as a snake when deceiving Eve in Eden’s land (Jance,2001). Adam wouldn’t have effortlessly been lured into evil ifSatan had not hidden his actual form. Additionally, Satandemonstrated the audience a massive quantity of destructiveness andrage after planning his vengeance on the Almighty (Milton, 1981).Satan still found contentment in obliteration of man and in pain.Thus, the views and feelings of Satan symbolized evil.

&nbspWith the Devil plus his fight against TheAlmighty, he created a commitment of defiance archangels to assisthim accomplish his sinful mission. Satan put his principal devoteecalled Beelzebub to control fallen cherubs, and bringing them as oneto fashion the Hell Committee to act as Demonic government. Miltondefined Beelzebub to be &quotMagnificent, and astute statesman&quotwithin his administrative capabilities of such committee. Even thoughthe Devil placed Beelzebub as a leader, it wasn’t due to theabilities of Beelzebub, but because of the reality that Satan wascapable to deceive his major follower effortlessly into communicatinghis opinions rather than for Beelzebub`s. With the Devil’s aptitudeto mislead Beelzebub without difficulty, he easily could deceiveHell’s Committee into accomplishing his wickedness beliefs againstThe Lord in Paradise.

The committee had an assembly in Hells’capital (Pandemonium), in which the booklover is informed about allthe insurgent archangels, and become aware of their sinful notions ofvengeance against the Almighty and Paradise. The foremost fallenarchangel that addressed the council involved Moloch. He was the&quottoughest and most brutal spirit, which battled in Paradise andnow the most violent by despondency&quot (Milton, 1981). He stemmedby &quotsuicidal combat philosophy&quot (Hunter, 2007), increasingopen warfare in Paradise. Moloch was extremely aggressive naturally,and didn’t whether God smashed the defiance cherubs in war,provided that they battled in vengeance (Milton, In Moody &amp InFletcher, 2007). The 2nddefiance archangel that talked amid the gathering was Belial. Belialrepresented actual obedience to warfare (Blessington, 1988). He knewabout superiority of God, recognizing they will be easily conquered.Next emerged the &quotslightest formed ghost, which was dropped fromParadise&quot called Mammon (Milton, 1981) He was attributed bygreediness and material riches. During Mammon’s life in Paradise,he wanted golden flooring he could walk on finer than craving for thevirtues and riches on hand from the Almighty, who was the utmostruler. The audience observes this similar craving inside of hisbeliefs concerning the activities of angels in dark world, which hadto remain and utilize its riches there instead of fighting inParadise against the Lord (Milton, 1981). The last addressee in theassembly included Beelzebub. He passed on the previous ideas of theDevil, which had to aim for the newly made creatures of God, humanbeing, as opposed to taking the opportunity of battling in Paradise(Milton, 1981). Since such viewpoints were of Belial’s, he speedilyended the conference, and accomplishment plans for his agenda wereinitiated (Milton, 1981).

&nbspThe concluding two indispensable actorsthat intermingled with the Devil (denoting evil) were Death (Satan’sson) and Sin (Satan’s daughter). This informed the audience aboutthe evil’s perversity. Milton characterized her to be a female,beautiful on top of her waist and a demonic serpent under, withHellhounds of Satan creeping using her belly. Such hellhoundssupported Sin during her major task, which involved protecting Hell’sgates. Sin continued with her father’s incestuous affair, whichconceived Death (their son) (Blessington, 1988). Death’s specificduties were two, foremost to act as a jailer for Satan, second to behis pathway’s constructor from Paradise to Hell. With suchaffiliation in the middle of the three figures, Milton demonstratedthe ill perversity about sin toward the audience.

Lessons learned (Themes)

  1. The Importance of Obedience to God

The introductory words in ParadiseLost bookaffirm that the main theme of the poem will involve “Man’sinitial Defiance.” Milton accounts Adam and Eve’s defiance story,describes the manner as well as the reason it occurred, and puts theanecdote inside the bigger background of Satan’s rebellion andJesus’ resurrection. Raphael tells Adam of defiance of Satan in astruggle to offer him an unyielding knowledge about the danger, whichthe Belial and man’s waywardness poses. Essentially, ParadiseLost book uncovers two ethical waysthat an individual may follow defiance: the descending twirl ofescalating sin with dilapidation, symbolized by the Devil, andsecond, the pathway to salvation, symbolized through Adam and Eve.

Although Adam and Eve characters are theearliest people to defy God, the Belial include the foremost in thecreation of God to defy. His choice to disobey roots merely fromhim—Satan wasn’t forced or aggravated by other people. Likewise,his choice to carry on disobeying God subsequent to his drop to Hellguarantees that the Lord won’t exonerate him. On the other hand,Adam and Eve choose to confess their evils and search for mercy.Dissimilar to Satan, Adam and Eve comprehend that their defianceagainst the Lord will get corrected by the Earth’s hustlinggenerations (Milton, 1981).This pathway is clearly the most accurate to follow: Book six andseven visions show that submission to the Lord, still after recurringfalls, may result in man’s redemption.

  1. The Universe’ Hierarchical Form

Paradise Losttalks of hierarchy as well. The universe’ layout—with Paradiseover, Hell underneath, and the Earth midway—illustrates thecreation as a pecking order on the basis of nearness to the Lord plushis mercy. Such spatial chain of command paves way toward a groupladder of devils, animals, humans, and angels: Jesus next to theLord, with cherubs and archangels behind Jesus. Adam and Eve alongwith the animals of the Earth follow angels and the Belial with othersinful angels trailing after everything else. Obeying God meansrespecting this pecking order.

Satan rejects to respect Jesus to be above him,thus questioning the hierarchy of God. As cherubs inside of Satan’sbase revolt, they want to overthrow the Lord and by so doing disbandthe things they regard as unjust chain of command in Paradise. WhenJesus and obedience archangels overpower the revolutionary cherubs,the insurgents are penalized by getting send faraway from Paradise.In any case, Satan contents afterward, they will create theirhierarchy inside of Demonic world however, they are under God’suniversal hierarchy, wherein they’re positioned the inferior. Satangoes on to defy God with his chain of command since he looks todamage mankind (Milton, 1981).

Similarly, humankind’s defiance is adestruction of the hierarchy of God. Prior to the fall of man, Adamwith Eve handles the angles visiting them with appropriate esteem andappreciation of their intimacy to the Lord. Eve performs thesubmissive duty given onto her amid her matrimony. After Eveconfronts Adam into letting her stay aided, she demand from him, herfreedom, and Adam submits to Eve. As a result, when Adam consumes thefruit, knowingly he disobeys God through respecting Eve with hisintrinsic nature rather than God (Milton,1981). Adam’s portrayals inside Booksfive and six depict more illustrations of such defiance to the Lordplus the hierarchy of the universe. Also it shows that afterascension Jesus, this chain of command will get recovered once more.

  1. The Fall as Partly Fortunate

After seeing Christ’s deliverance of humanrace’ Vision inside of Book 6, Adam alludes onto his individualevil as “happy blunder,” implying that man’s fall, whileinitially appearing an undiminished disaster, in reality brings goodalongside it (Milton, 1981).Adam with Eve’s defiance permits the Lord to demonstrate histemperance and mercy during their penalties together with hispermanent providence to man. This showing of compassion and love,given by means of Jesus, is an award to man. Man should now undergotorment plus death nonetheless, man can as well experienceredemption, grace, and mercy in means they wouldn’t have beencapable to on the off-chance they didn’t disobey. While man hasgone astray from mercy, man may save as well as redeem himself viapersistent obedience and devotion towards God. Man’s salvation, asfar as Jesus’ crucifixion with resurrection, may start restoringman to his original state. That is, right will evolve from evil anddemise, and man will ultimately get rewarded. Such fortunate outcomeexplains the reasoning of God and justifies his eventual destiny forman.

How “Paradise Lost” is both influencedby and influential to the cultural values of the time in which it waswritten

In choosing to compose a classic, Miltondeliberately puts himself inside the culture of previous epicauthors, for example the antiques Virgil and Homer, and Renaissancewith Medieval poets Spenser, Dante, Ariosto, and Tasso. By acting assuch, he brings up certain groups of desires for readers and in favorof himself. Officially, Paradise Losthas numerous Renaissance and classical heroic snobberies: it is aboutearthly and heavenly beings in conjunction with the associationsmiddling them the book employs conventions like epic allegories,people and places catalogues, and prayers to entertain as well as ithas subject matters familiar to heroics, for example empire, war,creation stories, and nationalism.

Milton`s assortment of differences on heroicconventions adds onto “ParadiseLost” stunning impacts. Dissimilarto classics like the Aeneid andIliadAeneid,Paradise Losthasn’t easily recognized superman (Milton,1981). The nearly allAchilles-resembling character inside the sonnet is Belial, whom JohnMilton covers with &quotheroic matter along with motivations, heroicgenre principles, and continuous allusions onto specific verses inpopular epic poems.&quot Critics as well as authors like BlakeWilliam and Bysshe Percy believed the Belial as the superman inParadise Lost.But the challenges common in considering Satan to be a superman havemade contemporary critics into rejecting this notion. According toLewis (2012),&quotby quantifying Satan over the epic principles, we grow to beaware of fragility and inadequacy of every superhuman virtuesappreciated in writing, of their susceptibility to evil perversion&quot(Milton, 1981).

Another ParadiseLost’ likely herois Jesus, but even though The Son isa significant force within the sonnet, the narrative isn’teventually in relation to him. A most expected possibility,consequently, involves Adam. He is like Aeneas in numerousdimensions: Adam is a father the contemporary generation, responsiblein favor of starting people on the world. However, opposite toAeneas, the major superman act of Adam isn’t heroic in any way:it’s the foremost activity of defiance. The bravery appreciatedinside of Book nine stays in austere disparity to customary grandheroism (Milton, 1981).If character Adam involves the real superman in ParadiseLost, but Satan alongside his epicoratory isn’t, in that case Milton simultaneously is reaching to aconversation with past works on the heroism nature, reconfiguringantique model, as well as effectively making clear heroism notions ofhis 17thcentury Protestant addressees of English.

How the author uses literary conventions toaddress political, philosophical, and religious trends of thehistorical period.

Milton employs literary conventions in hiswork: the following is a discussion of some of them and theirmeaning.

Darkness and Light

Opposites are plentiful inside ParadiseLost, counting Hell and Heaven,Satan and God, and evil and good. Milton employs darkness and lightimagery to communicate each such contrast. Angels get physicallycharacterized as far as light, while devils get generallycharacterized through their obscure darkness. Also, Milton utilizeslight in symbolizing God with his grace. Inside if his prayer insideof Volume three, Milton asks to get given this light in order tonarrate his godly narrative precisely and influentially. So, lightlack inside of Hell and Satan symbolizes God’s absence togetherwith his love (Jance, 2001).

The Universe’s Geography

Milton separates the creation to four mainareas: glorious Paradise, outrageous Hell, perplexing Chaos,alongside a youthful and susceptible Earth separating. The firstscenes taking place inside Hell offer the audience immediate backdropto the Belial’s scheme in opposition to God plus humanity. Thesubsequent scenes taking place in Paradise, wherein God informs hisangels about his arrangements, gives a theological and philosophicalcontext of the tale. Afterward, with such set up settings concerningright and wrong, darkness and light, a great deal of this activitytake place in middle of Earth (Milton,1981). Authorities of right and wrongwork in opposite to one another in the Earth’s battlefield. Satanbattles God through luring Adam and Eve, whereas God demonstrates hismercy and love via Jesus’ chastisement of Adam and Eve.

Milton trusts that whichever other knowledgeabout the universe’s geography is inconsequential. Miltonappreciates mutually the likelihood that the Sun rotates the Earth aswell as the Earth rotates the Sun, devoid of falling. Raphael saysit’s not important which rotates which, illustrating that thecosmology of Milton cosmology is founded on religious messages heneeds to communicate, instead of on discoveries of contemporaryastronomy or science.


All through Milton John`s epic sonnet “ParadiseLost”,the audience was capable to perceive a difference in the middle ofwhat’s good and what’s evil. Milton foremost explains to thebooklover about evil and sin using the major character, the Devil.Milton demonstrated the peruser Satan`s methods of destruction,deceit, and jealousy through different dreadful activities. With thedevil`s incestuous rapport he continued with his spawn to make theDeath character, Milton presented the bookworm onto the realperversity caused by transgression. Subsequently, Milton presentedthe bookworm onto fallen archangels along with their sinful ideasamid their gathering in Hell’s capitol, Pandemonium. Thesecharacters like Mammon by his money-oriented greediness, Satanalongside his bogus and empty perceptions, the totally violent Molochwith his in-the-depths of despair combat beliefs, and at lastBeelzebub preaching Satan’s views. The dissimilarity to suchcharacters originated from God together with Jesus (The Son). TheLord, alongside his authorities of nature, all-powerfulness,omniscience, and omnipresence, managed looking across his creationwith great control as well as endeavour to direct them en route togood choices. Also, the peruser regarded Jesus to be an emblem ofGod’s heavenly love along with his creation plus his demonstratingof genuine grace to human being. In sum, from “Paradise Lost”book we have gained knowledge about the significance of submitting toGod, the Universe’s hierarchical nature, and the fall as partlyfortunate.


Blessington, F.C. (1988). ParadiseLost: Ideal and Tragic Epic. Boston:Twayne Publishers.

Greenblatt, S., et al. (Eds.) (2012). The Norton anthology of Englishliterature (9th ed., Vol.1). New York, NY: W. W. Norton &ampCompany, Inc.

Hunter, G. K. (2007). Paradiselost. London: Allen and Unwin.

Jance, J. A. (2001). Paradiselost. New York: William Morrow.

Lewis, C. S. (2012). Apreface to Paradise lost. London:Oxford University Press.

Milton, J. (1981). &quotParadiseLost.&quot Paradise Lost and OtherPoems. New York: Penguin Books USA Inc.

Milton, J., In Moody, W. V., &amp In Fletcher,H. F. (2007). The complete poeticalworks of John Milton. Boston:Houghton Mifflin Co.