Spirituality is a path that seeks to find meaning in life.Spirituality arises from the belief in the existence of an externalforce that controls human life. Other people may define spiritualityto mean finding peace with their inner self. In general, spiritualityis the state in which a person feels at peace with everything else.This state is achievable through believing in a supreme being. Othersmay attain it through meditation or doing the right thing. Thenumerous religions that exist in the modern culture all claimspirituality. The varying practices and beliefs of the numerousreligions practiced in the world over explain the differentapproaches to the concept of spirituality. In managed care,spirituality is relevant in that some people may believe that healingcomes from a supernatural being (Chiu et al, 2004).
My understanding of pluralism is that it is an attitude that acceptsthere is no single religion that is a sole source of truth. Thebeliefs of another religion should not be overlooked just becausethey do not correspond with those of one’s religion. The concept ofpluralism is more of a call for interreligious tolerance, rather thana religious movement. This concept came up when people realized thatwhat some religions claimed to the gospel truth was a directcontradiction of another religion. As a means of accepting thenumerous paths to spirituality, the concept of pluralism came intobeing. In managed care, pluralism could be interpreted to meanaccepting the views of others regarding contentious issues.
Scientism is the belief that places, natural sciences above all othersources of knowledge. The belief dwells on the fact that areinconsistencies in common narrative that seek to explain suchphenomena as the origin of man and the existence (or lack thereof) ofa supreme being. However, I feel that this belief seeks to impose itspractices on other people even when there is no enough evidence tomake scientific conclusions. Its claim of superiority to otherschools of thought comes off as arrogant to me. Scientism has beenable to explain some of the world’s phenomena, but that does notmean in anyway whatsoever that it is superior to other schools ofthought.
Postmodernism is a movement that questions old narratives andideologies. Among the questions that this movement seeks to answerinclude why, how and when people do what they do. Among theideologies that this movement has question include the creationtheory, gender inequality, and modern systems of governance.Postmodernism approaches every idea with lots of skepticism, which isthe basis of people taking a critical view of everything. Followersof this movement go to the extent of questioning age-old traditionsthat have been passed down to them by their parents. However, I feelthat this movement only questions existing ideologies without givingalternative solutions.
Prime reality is the view that God is real and he is presenteverywhere. He never sleeps or forgets to watch over his people.Prime reality is a concept by Christians to reassure them of God’slove for them. The nature of the world around is evil and temptspeople to do evil. Evil walks through the earth in differentdimensions. It is through the prime reality that Christians remainsafe in this evil world. Without the prime concept, everybody wouldsuccumb to evil that runs through this world.
Human being is the existence of people understanding their uniquenessand superiority above all other living things. Self-awareness is whatcreates a human being. Unlike other animals, human beings are awareof their actions. Ethics and responsibility are the products ofself-awareness. In the context of managed care, self-awareness refersto conducting one’s duties in an ethical and responsible manner.Providers of managed care are aware of what is expected them and howto live up to the expectations. In addition, human beings havefeelings and emotions. Looking at it from the perspective ofChristianity, human beings are creations of God, and not machines.
When a person dies, all that is left of him or her is memories.Whether a person disappears or lurks around after death depends ontheir beliefs. In Christianity, we believe that the body dies but thespirit lives on. During death, the heart stops beating, but the soulremains vigilant. After death, comes the afterlife, in which therighteous are invited while the evil will be condemned to eternalsuffering.
It is possible to know anything at all because God the creator knowseverything. It is a common belief that God knows everything in theuniverse. Therefore, because God created human beings, they are ableto inherit knowledge from him. God disseminates information to hispeople through the Bible and the prophets.
People know what is right or wrong from the comparison of what we doand what God requires us to do. What constitutes the good or wrongemanates from the fact that human beings are made in the image ofGod, whose character is good. In this regard, human beings canseparate the good from the wrong by virtue of being created in thelikeness of God. Every human being has the capacity to decide whethersomething is good or bad.
Human history is the purpose of God to make a paradise on earth inorder to make the world habitable by human beings. Before then, theearth was inhabitable and could not support any form of life.
Chiu, L., Emblen, J. D., Van Hofwegen, L., Sawatzky, R., &Meyerhoff, H. (2004). An integrative review of the concept ofspirituality in the health sciences. Western journal of nursingresearch, 26(4), 405-428