Music Therapy and Aging essay


Music Therapy andAging

  1. Which lifestyle do you think is the healthiest for aging people activity, continuity, or disengagement theories?

The lifestyle I think is the healthiest for aging people is beingengaged in nonwork-related activities, such as meeting friends.According to the activity theory, remaining socially engaged is vitalfor the older adults’ well-being (Cohen,2014). Cohen 2014 gives an example of retirees spendingmore of their time doing what they loved when they were younger toprolong their lives.

  1. What are the pros and cons of each theory

The continuity theory emphasizes on the concept of normal aging whileto some of the aging people, such as those suffering from Alzheimer,it is unachievable. Furthermore, the theory fails to consider theeffects of social institutions on the seniors as they age. The majorpros of the continuity theory is its emphasis on individuals’internal structures such as their personality that are relativelyconstant throughout one’s lifetime.

On the part of the disengagement theory, it does not provide a widevariation on how people experience aging. Additionally, it is basedon the idea that the elderly people universally and naturally detachthemselves from the society. On the pros side, the aging people findit hard to follow the societal rules hence, withdrawing help themavoid the pressure of having to abide by the people’s expectations.

The activity theory fails to consider the fact the not allindividuals enjoy taking part in social activities. Besides, it failsto consider the fact that social opportunities are not equallyaccessible to all individuals. The major pros of the activity theoryis its emphasis that people with so much to do and those surroundedby many friends tend to be happier.

  1. Consider gender/sex, race/ethnic, and age inequality and assess how they are social problems.

Gender, racial, and age inequality are social problems because theyare the genesis of the many injustices perpetrated against thegender, race, and age groups deemed as less important or inferior.Such injustices include physical assault, denial of education,health care services, and job opportunities, among others.Additionally, gender, race, and age inequality are social problemsbecause the entire society feels the impacts of the injusticesagainst the weaker gender, race, and age group. For instance, whenwomen are denied access to good education, they are less likely tobring up healthy children.


Cohen, N. S.(2014). Music Therapy and Sociological Theories of Aging. MusicTherapy Perspectives,&nbsp32(1),84-92.