Matrix Method Practice essay

MatrixMethod Practice


MatrixMethod Practice (for one article)

Article 1

Citation for article using APA format:

&nbspLand-Gonzalez, B. &amp Molnar, D. (2012). Occupational therapy intervention:&nbsp Effects on self-care, performance, satisfaction, self-esteem/self-efficacy, and role functioning of older Hispanic females with arthritis.&nbspOccupational Therapy in Health Care, 26(2-3),&nbsp109-119.

What is the Research Question? (1-sentence)

What are the effects of self-care, performance, satisfaction, self-esteem/self-efficacy, and role functioning of older Hispanic females with arthritis?


29 subjects

Diagnosis- Arthritis

Gender- Female

Age- the subjects were between 72-90years.

Level of Evidence (I-V) support choice

Level 1 The subjects were selected randomly to one of the three groups control, occupational-based intervention or preparatory activities group.

Type of Research Design (experimental, Quasi-experimental, non-experimental, single case)

Type of design

This is a non-experimental research design there were no laboratory investigations done. The researcher came up with a conclusion through interacting and observing the participants. All the individuals in the group had an equal chance of being selected and assigned to one of the groups with bias.

Intervention: Describe the intervention used in the study –

The whole study took four weeks with an intervention frequency of two times in a week, each session lasting for 45-50 minutes. Occupational-based intervention participants received 10-15 minutes for preparation followed by half an hour of occupation-based activities. On the other hand, participants in the enabling intervention were given 30 minutes of preparation and 10-15 minutes of occupational-based activities.


The methods are reliable.

The researchers gathered their data through occupation-based activities such as leisure, the performance of homemaking and self-care. The researchers conducted home visits. The number of home visits to both control and the intervention groups was the same. Other than home and occupational therapy, no other intervention services were offered.

Statistical Analysis:

Descriptive statistical analysis the researchers used this method since they had their data, enabling them to obtain an appropriate set of relevant descriptive statistics. In particular, this enabled the researcher to get an idea of the similarities between parts of the data collected.


What did the researchers decide where the outcomes of the study? Identify what changed and what didn’t. (bulleted list)

Group 1:

  • Almost a hundred percent of the participants engaged in one or two of roles, and there were positive changes.

  • In this group only those who adopted self-care/ADL and those who developed self-efficiency benefited.

Group 2:

  • There were positive changes on Self-care and quality of life

Group 3:

  • There was little or no change

the subjects did not gain anything on self-care


The study had a positive impact on arthritis patients it is evident that and the end of the study, some clients had learned a lot about self-care.

Results of this study suggest that occupation-based. Interventions facilitated the subjects to perform everyday tasks and adaptation of their lives and works.

The researchers on the other hand. Arthritis patients would benefit a lot if occupational therapists were ready to offer home-based care.



  • Nutritional status of the participants

  • The participants’ ongoing medication on arthritis if any

  • Weight


How did this article contribute to your knowledge regarding the particular clinical condition researched? Give specific examples using personal experiences, other class readings, class lectures, videos, etc.

Arthritis is characterized by inflammation of the joints and a reparative bone response. Arthritis affects more than thirty percent of people aged 65 years and below. Treatment is a combination of medicines and exercise programs of the knee. The treatment program is based on the patient’s lifestyle, age, weight gender among other factors. The main goal of managing arthritis is to increase the range of motion, decrease pain and increase the patient’s physical fitness level.