History Of Colonial South Carolina And Georgia essay

South Carolina became a British colony in 1719, after a turbulent period of history when it underwent a number of convulsions after being governed by the famous charter of 1663; the first English settlements were made a few years later in 1670. (Elson, 1904). The motive of the founders was to lay the foundations of a commonwealth and free themselves from proprietary rule. Georgia was founded by James Edward Oglethorpe on 9 June 1732 when he received the charter from King George II. (Elson, 1904).

The people of South Carolina had been seeking assistance of the British Government for a buffer to stop incursions by Spaniards from Florida. Thus Georgia was created in which a large no of debtor prisoners from Britain who were free from criminal record were settled. The motive was also to provide a foothold to Protestants in America. Political Developments South Carolina had been under proprietary rule of eight Lords Proprietors granted the same by King Charles II till it acceded to the Crown. (Elson, 1904).

There was wide spread turbulence in polity in the initial years due to a large number of incursions as well as the misrule of some Governors as Sir Nathaniel Johnson. Georgia was initially governed by a board of trustees the jurisdiction of which extended on the land between River Savannah and Altamaha River. (Elson, 1904) The Trustees ruled the state till it was handed over to the British Crown in 1752. Economic Growth Georgia was initially provided with financial aid by the British government through an act of British Parliament.

However soon the colony started producing rice, lumber and indigo, while the Indians traded fur. There were a large number of small farmers who lived in pockets, while towns except Savannah were also undersized. Rice was the main staple crop of South Carolina. So was indigo. However these crops were the cause of much disease and death due to the swampy malarial nature of the fields. This was also the reason for growth of slavery in the colony and at one time these outnumbered the whites. There was also extensive cultivation of tobacco.

Fur and timber was also traded. South Carolina had a very vibrant port in Charleston, hence was a major centre for trade with Europe thus leading a number of planters to settle there. Religious and Social Orientation South Carolina has been predominantly Protestant. The settlement of Huguenots brought a fresh perspective to the area as it overcame the bigotry that accompanied the early settlers. South Carolina had prosperous planters who ran large plantations by employing slave labor under supervisors.

Georgia had freedom of religion except Catholicism which was not permitted. Catholics were also not granted the right to vote. The English Church was the state church of Georgia. In addition in the initial years efforts were made by Oglethorpe to absorb the Indian tribes but there was no slavery. Socially Georgia remained underdeveloped and there were no schools or postal system. Liquor was not permitted and slavery was totally banned. Growth of Slavery in the United States Slavery was an inevitable development in the United States of America.

This was so as there was shortage of labor in the colonies to work the land and develop agriculture. The area was so under developed and ridden with disease as malaria that there was no motivation for people to settle there. Thus the only option appears to be that of bonded labor in the form of slavery. The history of South Carolina would make this amply evident where it was only through slaves that the extensive rice fields could be developed.


1. Elson, Henry William. 1904. History of the United States of America. New York Macmillan Company.