China in the first half of the nineteenth century faced unusually complex problems. The ruling Qing dynasty was weak and internally divided. The first Opium War, concluded in 1842, showed that military resistance would not succeed. A question arouse regarding trading where it has to be carried. And then there was the problem of Christian revolutionary movement that, between 1851 and 1864, threatening the country. Till then the country was bestowed in peace . TAIPING MOVEMENT : This movement is usually called the Taiping (“Great Peace”) Rebellion by Western scholars, after the new dynasty-name that its leader proclaimed in 1851.
In 1837, Hong Xiuquan , a half- educated, lower-middle-class man with ambitions to join the Qing bureaucracy, had a dream-vision following hard upon his failure in the Confucian examinations . He could make no sense of the vision at the time, but several years later, in 1843, he read a Christian tract produced by the Baptists that made sense of it for him: he had seen God the Father and God’s son, Jesus, and had been anointed as Jesus’ younger brother, “God’s Chinese Son. “
THE RISING:By 1850, thinking himself destined to found a new dynasty and to make China a new Christian kingdom, he and his followers began open rebellion against the Qing. By 1853, they had taken Nanjing, the largest city in Central China, and declared it the new capital. By that time, they had a military force of several hundreds of thousands, and had consistently proved superior to government forces in battle. They made an attempt to take the Qing capital, Peking, but failed, mostly due to Western support of the Manchus.
THE FALL OF THE DYNASTY: In the late 1850s and early 1860s the Taiping movement began to splinter, and in 1864 Nanjing fell to the Qing, Hong Xiuquan died of unknown causes shortly before the city fell. By 1865 nothing remained of the Taiping Dynasty. It had lasted only a little more than thirteen years, but its fall included millions of deaths and the might of the Qing dynasty; that eclipsed the Taiping dynasty , militarily and to some extent ideologically, to the Chinese Communists half a century later.
Here the globalization highlights usual elements associated with such movements-language reform , social reform and religious reform present among the Taipings. But all were given an explicitly Christian justification by the Taipings, as they have also been by some Anabaptist movements. GLOBALIZATION- is good as it can be compared to a goblet of wine that gets tastier when blended more. Wealth and beauty may be lost ; memories of the past everlast. Lets globalize .