There are potential solutions to these problems similar to the ones discussed in the first project example. Other wind farms in Turkey operate as autoproducers or BOT models. Autoproducers produce enough energy for individual consumption and therefore do not need large investments. BOT models no longer have relevance in Turkey as these types of projects operate under special contracts with the government and ultimately will belong to the government (UNFCC, 2008, 20).
Similar to the other project in the Balikesir Province, this project also utilizes IPPs as a way to invest in wind power. Under this model, investors are able to build and operate their own power plants so they can sell electricity to others (UNFCC, 2008, 20). This model will solve many of the investment barriers that this project faces so that the necessary funds can be obtained to go forward (UNFCC, 2008, 20). This project will be entirely funded by investments and will not use public funding or Official Department Assistance (ODA) grants (UNFCC, 2008, 60).
Therefore, finding adequate investment is a barrier that the project will have to overcome through the use of an IPP model. The barriers presented by technological issues and governmental policies are difficult to solve and will be dealt with when they come up. Turkey believes that the benefits far outweigh the risks associated with the construction of the wind farm so the project will continue. Further, the positive impact that the wind farm will make on the environment also makes the project worthwhile.
This wind farm helps Turkey create sustainable development in several ways. Environmental factors are one of the most importance components to consider when constructing a wind farm. Therefore, careful analysis of the impact on the environment is important when implementing a wind power system. The risk that water quality and quantity being compromised is reduced with the use of wind power as compared to fossil fuel fired power plants (UNFCC, 2008, 61).
The quality of the air is dramatically improved with the use of wind power over the use of fossil fuel emission (UNFCC, 2008, 61). Metal contaminants will also be prevented with the use of wind power (UNFCC, 2008, 61). Soil contaminants will be nonexistent as wind power does not produce any waste that could deteriorate the condition of the soil surrounding the wind turbines. Finally, the integrity of animal and plant species will not be compromised as a result of construction of wind turbines (UNFCC, 2008, 62).
Turkey realizes the importance of climate change and have made proposals to reduce the impact on the environment by implementing sources of clean energy into the Balikesir Province by constructing wind turbines. As the electricity market in Turkey continues to increase it is important that the country find alternate ways to provide electricity that does not compromise the environment. It is well researched and documented that fossil fuel power plants harm the environment through air, water and soil pollution that harms both the quality and the quantity of these natural resources.
At the same time, the power of the wind has received research focus over the past several years to show that wind turbines that convert wind into electricity have enormous potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions while also meeting the demand for energy. Turkey plans to meet the growing demand for electricity by constructing a series of wind farms in order to provide a clean alternative to traditional electricity sources. Providing electricity through the national electricity grid is an important goal that wind power can help achieve without detriment to the environment.
Turkey is a developing country that can implement wind farms such as the ones proposed here as they continue to develop in order to eliminate the pollution problems that many industrialized nations must deal with. Despite the fact that the wind farms in Turkey face many financial, logistical and technological barriers these projects continue as an increased focus is placed on reducing greenhouse gas emissions all over the world.
Sustainable energy such as wind power can provide many benefits to the people of the Balikesir Province by providing necessary electricity without harming the surrounding environment. The wind farm developments that this area of Turkey is working on has the potential to further advance the development of Turkey as a whole. Further, the population of Turkey will have access to an infinite supply of electricity through the use of wind. These benefits define sustainable energy. Wind power has the potential to reverse some of the damage already done by greenhouse gas emissions.
In order to effectively implement wind power on a large scale in Turkey it will take the contributions of many people working together. Population growth and industrial demands have required Turkey to consider the use of alternative fuel sources such as wind power (Edrimitlioglu, et al, 2007, 10). Global warming and climate change increase as fossil fuel use increases. Nonrenewable energy sources are being depleted as well so it is increasingly important that developing nations such as Turkey focus on developing alternate energy sources (Edrimitlioglu, et al, 2007, 10).
Turkey has identified the most efficient land areas to construct wind farms and the Balikesir Province holds the capability of being one of the most efficient areas to harness wind power. From here Turkey can continue to monitor the progress that wind power makes in the country over time. The two wind farms discussed here project increased electricity production with decreased carbon dioxide emissions. If these goals are met than Turkey will have a viable economical, ecological, technical and sociological alternative energy source (Edrimitlioglu, et al, 2007, 68).
Edrimitlioglu, H. Hazel; Toydemir, C. Kuthan & Baskan, Ozan. (2007). Economic, environmental outcomes of wind energy production in Turkey. Retrieved on February 16, 2009 from http://www. wpi. edu/Pubs/E-project/Available/E-project-011508-122701/unrestricted/Econ_and_Eviron_outcomes_of_Wind_Energy_Production_in_Turkey. pdf. Lecture 2. (2009). The origins of sustainability. The Gold Standard. (2007). Grid-connected electricity generation from renewable sources: Samli 90 MW wind power project, Turkey. Retrieved on February 16, 2009 from