Most geologicalprocesses that are carried out are usually subject to imperfection asa result of errors that are caused either intentionally or withouthuman knowledge. , which is defined as the study of theearth’s physical structure as well as the process that act on it,has been applied in many geography-related fields including the studyof and mitigation of earthquakes. This paper mainly focuses on theloopholes that resulted from the use of certain procedures ortechnologies in attempts to solve some issues and therecommendations.
For instance, in themitigation of earthquakes, it is crucial to identify and characterizethe frequency-magnitude relations that exist for every single fault.Therefore, it is commended that all the various methodologies thatare used in the construction of the fault-specific frequencymagnitude be documented together with the other models. Moreover,geologists are advised to conduct adequate research on thefrequency-magnitude relations of all the single faults thatultimately result in the occurrence of earthquakes (United States,2013).
Regarding the“smoothing” of seismicity, various organizations have recommendedthe development of new and more advanced models that permit complexmulti-fault relations. Additionally, the quantification of theuncertainty in the past historical seismicity rates as well ascomputing the seismic magnitudes from an area rather than the lengthof some of the faults has also been recommended (United States,2013). When calculating the maximum sizes of faults by consideringthe available displacement data, the fault areas and thesurface-rupture lengths, regional catalogs in the related area needto be improved, careful documentation of the changes in magnitude hasto be ensured and each of the available records has to be assignedversion numbers for easier referencing and quality control purposes.All the recommendations mentioned above help improve the monitoringand mitigation of earthquakes.
United States. (2013). Interior, environment, and related agenciesappropriations for 2014: Hearings before a subcommittee of theCommittee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, One HundredThirteenth Congress, first session.