Utilitarianismfocuses on consequences that have a significant impact on societyonce it occur (Spike& Lunstroth, 2016).Therefore, if it were me in this case, I will redirect the runawaytrolley and kill this innocent person. This will help to save thelives of five people and would have maximized the utility. The demiseof five hawkers will bring more Sorrow to the society than killingthat of a single person and by so doing, I would have provided thegreatest good to the greatest number of society.
Deontologistfollows the rules (Spike& Lunstroth, 2016).In this case, I will not redirect the trolley but will kill the fivehawkers. Although killing is immoral, redirecting the trolley will beacting against the road rules and I should follow the rules as adeontologist regardless of the consequences.
Invirtue ethics, I will follow my heart (Spike&Lunstroth, 2016).I will redirect the trolley to this innocent person then I willexplain the reason why I hit him to the police. I would rather killone person even though he is innocent, than killing the five hawkers.I will have killed one to save the lives of many who are alsoimportant to society. I will spare the hawkers since there are manypeople depending on them.
Inthis case, I will kill the tramp in order to save the five people.The tramp has no family to care for and he is sick which is proved bythe fact that he comes for a routine health checks. If I murder thetramp, only one person dies and the other five patients will berestored to health. Having saved the tramp, who is sick, will resultin the death of five patients. Therefore, I will act to thebetterment of the great number of people by killing the tramp to savethe five patients (Spike& Lunstroth, 2016).
IfI were deontologist, I would follow the commands hence wouldn’tkill the tramp. Killing him will violate the Ten Commandments anddeontologist follows the rules and commandments (Spike&Lunstroth, 2016).If I save the life of a tramp, I would have not broken the moral ruleof God of ‘do not kill’. Although I am responsible for the otherpatients, they will die because of their health conditions but nobodywill killed them.
IfI were virtue ethicist, I would make the best decision by killing thetramp and save the lives of the five patients (Spike& Lunstroth, 2016).The tramp is sick because he goes to routine checkup and also he hasno family. I would rather take the life of one person whose deathwill have no big impact on the society and save five more who aremuch needed by society. Although killing is bad, I will show mercy tothe five patients whose health can be restored than the tramp who isstill sick.
Spike,J. P., & Lunstroth, R. (2016). Using Ethical Theories as a Toolfor Understanding Cases. In ACasebook in Interprofessional Ethics(pp. 19-29). Springer International Publishing.