Ethical theories and values are the basics of ethical analysis since they are the perspectives from which regulations may be acquired along the path to a conclusion. Every theory stresses diverse points for example foretelling the result and following your duties to others so as to arrive at an ethically right conclusion. On the other hand, for an ethical theory to be valuable, the theory should be directed towards a universal set of objectives. Ethical values are the common objectives that every theory attempts to acquire so as to be successful.
Every ethical theory put emphasis on diverse aspects of an ethical predicament and leads to the most ethically right conclusion as per the directives within the ethical theory itself. People normally base their personal selection of ethical theory upon their life encounters. The most demanding ethical theory is the casuist theory. This is a theory that makes comparison between today’s ethical dilemma with related ethical dilemmas and their results. This enables an individual to establish the severity of the state of affairs to create the best possible condition according to other people’s experiences.
Normally an individual will look for paradigms stand for the limits of the situation in order for a compromise to be arrived at that will hopefully comprise the wisdom achieved from the preceding instances. One negative aspect to casuist theory is that there might not be a set of related paradigms for a given ethical dilemma. Possibly that which is contentious and ethically questionable is that it is new and sudden. Casuist theory casuist theory also supposes that the outcomes of today’s ethical dilemma will be related to outcomes in the examples. This is what holds back the efficiency of practicing this theory.
We are lucky to have various ethical theories that provide significant structure when attempting to make ethically right conclusions. Every ethical theory tries to stick to the ethical values that result in success when attempting to arrive at the best conclusion. When an individual understands every ethical theory, including the strong points and weak points, a person may make an informed conclusion when attempting to attain an ethically right conclusion to a dilemma.
Aaron, R. (1998). Establishing Bioethics in the modern society, New York: Martin Press.