Cyberspace refers to a domain that is categorized by the use of electronics together with electromagnetic spectrum to modify, store, and exchange data through networked systems and related physical infrastructures. Basing on this fact, cyberspace is a physical domain that is very real and is composed of electronics and networked systems which use electromagnetic energy. It exists across other domains of land, air, space, and sea and connects the physical domains with the recognized processes that use the data which is modified, stored, or exchanged.
Therefore cyberspace is distinct from the information which may be permanent in or transferred through the domain. It refers to a new domain that overlies the physical world using a bypass network which allows us to reconstruct a lot of aspects of human activity with respect not being given to geography. It is beyond the normal discussion rooms and websites. It has a many dimensions and a multitude of capable variants. Due to the fact that it enables us to perform tasks in various ways, it therefore affects our business and social life and offers new opportunities for fantasy and imagination (David 2007).
To begin with, there will be decomposition of the internet. Most companies today have got a mixture of functions. Some are of the companies are immune to the impact of the internet because they can not be moved elsewhere. They are likely to change slowly. Functions such as distribution, procurement, sales management and personnel have got geographic elements but can be organized from any given place. Decomposition will enable disassembly of various functionalities across our businesses and society. There is no good reason as to why all the business processes to exist at the same place.
Outsourcing started off the process and now the Net will allow the combination of the processes in optical ways. Recomposition will succeed decomposition. There will still be need for the functionality of the present system only that they will be organized in a different way. Static will are likely to remain the way they are today but with more of collaborative manufacturing and automation processes (Gore, 2000). The presence of ubiquitous and mature e-business or e-commerce organizational units, infrastructure and processes will mainly have approved interfaces.
Efficient companies will have to organize processes globally. They will be among the best and there will be no need for many of them. The existence of wholesale and retail is only due to the inability of manufacturers do not have means of organizing delivery to each of their customers. Cyberspace world will bring forth remote logistics company. Customers will be in position to decide whatever they want. Logistic company will organize the manufacture, distribution and delivery. Selection and coordination will reside anywhere.
Most administrators will be of no use in a world that will be dominated with cyberspace with intelligence machines in the background. Statistics carried out by traceable audit trails and database load and will be easily produced by e-commerce. Most things will be arranged and recorded automatically. Very few auditors, accountants, clerks, and managers will be required. Almost all the roles they play will be automatically managed. There will be an easy task in the management in a world of cyberspace. This is because particular projects will be worked on short term contracts, freelance.
Special skilled individuals will have to log them in e-commerce databases so that they are contracted incase the jobs they are best suited in are available. Their suitability will include various factors. Board members’ survival will not be guaranteed. Individual will have to lend money on the net basing on various parameters. Risk assessors and loss adjusters among others assist in the process. Virtual companies will emerge at a high rate using this capital pool and managers will get employed on the virtual company basis just like any other staff to help in implementing or oversee implementation of the system.
Evolving of the value chain in cyberspace will take place. There will be a wide variety of choice for customers to choose from the interfaces which they use to enter the cyberspace. Mobile communicator, interactive TV, computer screen, 3D booth, or whatever will be used by the customers. Provision of a varied range of interfaces that can be used to the functionality of the cyberspace will raise the level of business. The user will be taken by the interface to a sort of personal cyberspace environment, that is, any thing from simple list on a phone to some complicated 3D virtual reality space.
Interfaces will be kept busy through translating a large number of internet data forms into a variety of personalized interfaces (Hofland, 2004). Due to the fact that internet has got already a bigger amount of functionality yet it is not common which is the best site to go to or product should be picked, guides will be of great importance as they will play the role of facilitators in helping users do what they want. The functionality that the users require will be brought together by the assimilators.
Portals are currently present to perform some these functions but with increasing complexity in everyday life, users are likely to want a one-stop shop which offers to offload the troubles of organizing their everyday lives. Out of the customized personal cyberspace, guilds, knowledge creators, quality assessors will be in position to provide services to the one-stop shop. The acquisition of goods and services needed by the buyers will be provided by logistic providers in addition to collaborative custom manufacturing and the distribution (Mullen, 2002).
Institutions that are available today need an optimal system whereby our needs can be met at minimum costs. There are no need for banks, insurance companies, building societies but simply the risk assessments and loss adjustment which they provide. The presence of digitized cash that can be safely stored in a secure database which is enabled by digital signatures, the available computers can perform our cash very easily. This may include buying and selling it and calling the required services as necessary entities.
Most people will posses their own patch of cyberspace, even if it is just a phone message answer. In most cases they will interface with the Net through their own area. They are likely to maintain more zones having a varied privacy attributes and echoing the range of different roles which a person plays. A few may be entirely personal and secure but others may be shared together with family and close friends. The users will be able to shield themselves against the cacophony of the information noise through a multiplicity of translators and translators.
It is a common phenomenon for people to like talking than listening so there is an expectation for people to be able to make a mark by transmitting into the cyberspace and receiving from it. The ego-echo is bound to challenge the assumption which assumes that lines to people’s homes need to be asymmetric with more data traveling towards the home than from it. It is likely to be the exact opposite. Their personal territory would appear different from the other people basing on who they are, when they are looking, where they are as well as the characteristics of the viewer’s personal interface (Wertheim, 2002).
Customer service need to be focused on by the companies; trust-based distribution, In which an individual need to provide the function of delivering at the most convenient time and not a case where householders are expected to stay at home waiting for delivery. Currently people are able to access the Net through an Internet service provider, tomorrow it will be IP based therefore any computer or communicator will be required to access the Internet directly. The existence of ISPs will be rendered useless. A few are likely to survive like one-stop shops or portals.
The opposite of the assumption that underlies ADSL may be asymmetry. The presence of the people running their own cyberspace from their homes may require more upstream bandwidth than downstream. The ability of the network to cope up with the situation will be required. Security and privacy will be crucial factors to be put into consideration. Not everyone is and will be an IT expert therefore the infrastructure will be required to provide the simplest means of providing an assurance on these hygiene factors. One other important issue will be mobility.
People will be allowed to access the Internet by UMTS at possibly high rates within a few years. When more people get accustomed to be always in touch with Internet, they are likely to become a lot more independent on it. Being in an area of poor signal today is very much annoying, tomorrow it will be intolerable. The provision of truly ubiquitous access is likely to be an important characteristic for the mobile networks that would wish to survive on. Already we have two spaces, the physical and mental spaces where wants and other forms of products are coevolving.
Cyberspace opens a third space that is able to interact with the others. It changes the manner in which we interact with one another and the physical world. As quite new ideas are made in the cyberspace, they are likely to create what a consumer wants in the mental space in addition to interaction with the physical space in order to create a number of new ranges of possible hybrid products and services. These in turn create new needs for consumers but more product ideas. As cyber economy expands, various areas will start stabilizing.
Currently all the cyberspace is frontier. But as a result, a lot more permanent business categories will raise and the frontier are likely to shift to other areas of human needs. And as the environment gains more stability, the companies’ focus is likely to alter. Instead of having focus on innovation and change, greater emphasis will be placed on cost reduction and efficiency (Dvorak, 1996). Due to the fact that there are no physical assets in the cyberspace, it is quick and easy to come up with new businesses.
This reason, together with innovation’s primacy in keeping competitive advantage, means there will be a shift away from physical capital owners towards those who own the intellectual capital. The trend towards paying people by the use of stock options reflects an open reality that the company’s employees are the true owners of the 21st century. If one given source of strength is the intellectual capabilities of individuals, the other source draws from the ability or the inability of particular individuals to be able to navigate through the cyberspace.
Geography does not exist in the cyberspace, but in the sense that there is no permanent relationships that are found between entities, everybody who inhibit cyberspace will be required to navigate within it to be able to access information, the services and other inhabitants. Given that there are no fixed relationships, every inhabitant will be required to develop his or her geography. A considerable freedom to an individual is achieved in this case. And due to the fact that there will be very many routes to an entity there will be impossibility for a government or any other single cyber authority to control what is accessed.
A cyberspace can be accessed by anyone and even be published. Access may not be controlled but search can be handled. The size of cyberspace means that quite a large size of power will be able to reside in the search engines and portals. Getting a message across would not be a problem in the future but winning a considerable attention from people to tell them your message. Because more information is common with people, they are likely to become very much adept in ignoring things that do not grab their attention. The personalities who control the portals posses the ability of determining your customers’ ability to know about your existence.
In the present world, branding is important. A brand is not a product but gives an assurance of quality for a varied range of products and services. There is a likelihood of groups of small companies joining formidable forces under a well known brand, for instance, the best hotel industry. Groupings like those one do not just guarantee the best quality in addition to providing portal or navigating facilities but also effectively expose their members to market opportunities. They also provide a route for new members to enter cyber economy once they had made satisfactory membership requirements (Hofland, 2004).
When f2f and environmental cues of the actual world fall away, the opportunities for an imaginary world comes forth. There are various fantasy based communities that are offered by the cyberspace. Some are visual while others are text-driven for instance MUDs and MOOs, multi media communities as well as other forum and chat communities. Participants take imaginary persona then participate in activities that are creative. A few people like the flight of pre imagination that is derived by fantasy encounters of text only. Some other like the visual effect of imaginary and creative avatars.
Imaginary interaction potentiality may be used by psychotherapists in their work for creation of an imaginary environment for clients and also make clients participate in MUDs, MOOs or any other imaginary communities to represent an experiential adjunct for the therapy. For instance, in making people participate vicariously in the creation of character that is imaginary, Elmer and his interpersonal relationships, people are offered with postmodern therapy which is an opportunity to test with different personality with life hence better understanding their own (Licklider, 2008).
The main purpose of a computer is to make work easy by automating tasks for human. Some the tasks can not be done by human beings, some they don’t want to do while other are likely to take longer. Such work can be placed in psychotherapy , categorizing them from the simplest to the most complex tasks. Within sessions or when the therapist is away for vacation, an e-mail program can put in position to reply to the client’s e-mail. Programs that are designed in guiding clients to self-insight or behavioral and cognitive changes can therefore be used as adjuncts as primary components of self-help program or psychotherapy.
A program that is very much sophisticated can even conduct counseling by itself or by varying degree of human clinician supervision. ‘Eliza’ is some of the programs that have tried to stimulate talking-cure psychotherapy, with minimal success. However, the field of Artificial Intelligence is quickly evolving and is likely to closely to enhance a variety of aspects of verbal human interact. In the recent past, cyberspace has been fully devoted in the relay of numerical information.
But environment for electronic spatial will become a subject for design. Cyberspace’s fundamental feature is its interdisciplinary nature. Cyberspace is basically rich in artistic content. It even has more affinity with media compared to Engineering (Blithe 1997). Interactions online create new ways of deceit and new avenues to establish identities. But despite the new freedoms of interacting online, old institutions together with stereotypes are reproduced, sometimes in highly exaggerated forms.