Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease essay

ChronicObstructive Pulmonary Disease

ChronicObstructive Pulmonary Disease


In a cardiopulmonary setting, how can pain among patients (P)suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease be reducedthrough quitting smoking (I) without depending on pharmacologicaldrugs (C) to improve the breathing condition (O) within six months(T) after the commencement of therapy?

The chronic obstructive pulmonary disease continues to cause asignificant problem owing to the increase in mortality rates. Thecondition can be described as a disease where patients experiencedifficulties in breathing and the condition exacerbates. Patients areseen to cough continuously as accompanied with the production ofmucus, shortness of breath and wheezing.


COPD continues to be a significant cause of mortality across theglobe owing to the number of patients who die from the disease. Thecondition, characterized by an inability to breathe, or shortness ofbreath develops and worsens with time. Many of those who may besuffering from the disease have little knowledge that they could besuffering from the condition. Individuals smoking are at the greatestrisk of getting the disease. Because the disease develops slowly, ithas become difficult to determine when a particular patient should beadmitted to the hospital for treatment. The situation is compoundedby the fact that symptoms develop slowly and could worsen, making itdifficult for patients to engage in their daily activities.


Multiple options exist for patients diagnosed with COPD. However,considering that detection of the disease resulting in the finaladmission to hospitals has become difficult, it could be essential tocome up with a different strategy to help in dealing with thedisease. Smoking has been identified to be the primary factor causingCOPD. Encouraging smokers to quit the habit could be appropriate tohelp reduce the suffering faced by such individuals because of thedisease.


Pharmacological methods have previously been employed for patientswho are admitted to hospitals because of COPD. Medications have beenused to deal with the disease. In severe cases, surgery could beapplied primarily to remove sections if the lungs that could havebeen severely damaged. Evidently, the decision for a patient toresort to medication, or in severe cases surgery could cost more thandeciding to quit smoking. Huge costs are incurred by both theindividual and healthcare organization to in dealing with COPD.Because of the same, it could be essential to consider the option ofquitting smoking as a way of protecting oneself from the developmentof disease and ensuing symptoms.


Patients who embrace the concept of quitting smoking stand a betterchance of improving the condition of their lungs and eventual healingfrom COPD. The technique of not smoking could serve as the bestoption since it is cheap and has significant benefits for the patientas chances of recovery are high.


A period of six months of non-smoking could facilitate the healingprocess of the patients. Those who decide to commit not to smoke willhave a high chance of recovery and may not have to rely onmedications or in severe cases surgery to deal with the problem.

Information Regarding Articles Used

Information about the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease wassourced from the National Herat, Lung and Blood Institute and aresearch study titled “Predictive Model of Hospital Admission forCOPD Exacerbation” by Josep Montserrat-Capdevila MD, Pere GodoyPh.D., Josep Ramon Marsal MD, and Ferran Barbe Ph.D. In getting theinformation, the keywords “COPD” was typed in the search engineand the websites popped up, having information about the disease.Boolean operators employed in the search was the word “and” wherean option existed on both getting information on COPD and how toprevent the disease.

Summary of the Articles

Predictive Model of Hospital Admission for COPD Exacerbation

The article identifies features to look out for that would warrantthe admission of a particular patient suffering from exacerbatingCOPD to hospitals. Through their work, researchers were able toidentify patients who were at high risk of getting admitted due toexacerbating COPD (Montserrat-Capdevila, Godoy, Marsal, &amp Barbé,2015). The model could be applied to help reduce cases of mortalitydue to late interventions.

Health Topics-COPD

The article published in the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institutewebsite regarding COPD. The article describes COPD and looks at thebiological aspects of the disease. Further, the article elaboratesthat the illness is one of those that is associated with a highmortality rate in the United States. It further states the need forpatients to change their lifestyle as one of the ways of dealing withthe condition National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. (2013, May22).


Overall, COPD has posed a significant challenge in the healthcaresystem Huge costs are spent in treatment and management of casesarising from COPD. However, through the application of effectivestrategies, it would be possible to reduce the detrimental effectsassociated with the disease. It is essential that stakeholders cometogether to ensure that the problem is addressed through theintroduction of prevention strategies such as encouraging people toquit smoking and change their overall lifestyle.


Montserrat-Capdevila, J., Godoy, P., Marsal, J. R., &amp Barbé, F.(2015). Predictive Model of Hospital Admission for COPD Exacerbation.Respiratory care, 60(9), 1288-1294.

Health Topics COPD. (2013 May 22). Retrieved from